The future of medicine and Pharma readily depends on Nanomedicine and nanotechnology that’s for sure. Gradually nanomedicine has completely taken over the market by storm. Nanomedicine not only becomes a shield but also provides a huge working field for individuals working in the medicinal field. The main key point is that you can easily work with organic molecules, and biological processes in short, you can work in different fields for one issue which gives them an upper hand to research more in a particular issue, this gives the proper definition to nanomedicine in healthcare. Nanomedicine has a great contribution to the healthcare sector and thus it’s making new medicines, and new inventions and taking up the market by storm. Hope you got an idea of what exactly nanomedicine is, so let’s talk about its contribution to the medical field.
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What are nanoparticles?
Nanoparticles are spherical, tiny polymeric particles which are composed of artificial polymers. Nanoparticle treatment is also opening a large scope of inventions and of course to treat various diseases with efficiency. It also opened up a path for Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. It even deals with anti-cancer treatment which is again a great invention to prevent this deadly disease at some part. As you already know the definition of nanoparticles by now! Let us talk about some inventions now. The definition of nanoparticles in just one word is “the future of medicine”.
This deadly disease has affected lives for centuries, doctors and medical researchers are working with this now and then to find a prevention and cure. Nothing made visible changes except nanoparticles. Nanoparticles made tremendous changes in this field which helped in the long run and will help in the long run too. Polymer-based drugs and nanoparticle-based drugs helped a lot. Nanoparticles nanomedicine invention changed a lot of lives. Paclitaxel which is a known and evident anti-cancer agent is again used to treat several cancers such as skin cancer, ovarian cancer, and lung cancer, which works by interfering with cell functions.
Again another deadly sexually transmitted disease that has its prevention, but again on the other hand lots of people get infected and even die cause of this disease. As mentioned earlier, individuals working in the medicine industry are working day and night to get a particular cure for a disease. The HIV-Tat 1 Tat protein is selected as a potential fit as a prophylactic or a therapeutic vaccine against AIDS. Now giving you an insight into how it was probably made possible. DNA along with TAT peptide was tested and they made it get absorbed in the nanoparticle surface. They simply used electrostatic force for this procedure. Later it was tested on the lungs of mice where the result was more like average. But as in other diseases, there are quite fewer reports of nanoparticles playing a vital role in the field of AIDS. But the procedure is still going on and there was a satisfactory result indeed.
3. Respiratory Diseases
Due to bad air quality and bad quality of life, respiratory Diseases have crossed the par nowadays. But somewhat the experimentations and studies are quite limited with nanoparticles when it comes to respiratory Diseases. The treatment for genetic, allergic, or any kind of infections regarding respiratory diseases. But there is a study of course a proven one which shows effective results. The study was done on mice and cockroaches where certain antigens were injected at first. Mice with inflammation were taken for the lab, and surprisingly, the nanoparticles, with antigens were able to reduce the inflammation so far!
4. Treating wounds
Researchers who work under these have also found a way to treat wounds much faster. Several wounds take a lot of time to heal.Rresearchers from the University of Wisconsin have demonstrated a bandage that applies electrical pulses to a wound using electricity produced by Nanogenerators. This is great for trauma patients having internal bleeding which is another way to prevent excessive blood loss. Researchers are now in aid for developing nanoparticles that act as synthetic platelets. Synthetic platelets are dramatically known to reduce and prevent blood loss. Nanoparticles nanomedicine has relatively worked out here.
Some nanomedicines that saved lives
Some relative names were successful in saving some lives of people. Let us take a look at these nanomedicines.
- Rapamune – FDA approved in 2000 is a great drug for preventing organ rejection after transplantation.
- Onivyde, liposomes encapsulated Irinotecan is another approved drug that is used to treat metastatic pancreatic cancer.
- Cabenuva is another drug that is FDA-approved and known for an AIDS injection.
- Abraxane is used to treat breast cancer, lung cancer, etc.
- Doxil was originally invented for HIV, but now it is used for treating ovarian cancer.
These are some proven and approved nanotechnology, nanomedicine-based drugs that are commercially available and safe for human needs.
In the field of medicine, and treatment, nanomedicine, nanoparticles along with nanotechnology made a vast change and also improved the way of treating patients. Truly nanomedicine in the healthcare market has made a drastic change.
Not only in the year 2024 but in the future as well more innovative ideas and inventions will easily fight any disease, making it easy for patients and doctors to overcome obstacles. Hopefully, this article was relevant and informative. Drop down your valuable thoughts below.